According to the latest population surveys in Iran, “cheetah population does not exceed 70 individuals”. There has been recent controversial in the Iranian community about cheetah population size in the country which has been extensively discussed in the media. On the basis of recent camera trapping efforts ongoing since last winter by the Iranian Cheetah Society (ICS) in collaboration with Iranian Department of Environment (DoE), Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project (CACP) and Panthera, the most robust conclusion for declaration is “less than 70”. Formerly, it was believed that 70 to 100 cheetahs exist in the country. Meanwhile, a big question remains open for further discussion that if the population has decreased or if it has been a small population which was suspected to be larger. Presently, there is no indication of population growth in the country and infrequent occurrence of cheetah families has created serious concerns among Iranian biologists.
Recently, some environmental activists in the country criticized Iranian Department of Environment on efficiency of its protection measures and mentioned in the media that we should consider the cheetah as an extinct species, like Asiatic lion and Caspian tiger, because camera traps have shown that the cheetahs are few. However, biologists are confident that there are still ways to save the cheetahs and more collaboration with communities should be established to safeguard the last remains of Asiatic cheetahs in Iran.